Bali is famous as an area that still holds close its culture, especiallyindigenous cultures in doing worship. The temples in Bali must be kept sacred. One of the temples that is known by all Hindu People throughout Bali and outside Bali is Dalem PedTemple of Nusa Penida or to be precisely Penataran Agung Ped Temple of Nusa Penida. The existence of this temple is sacred and its mystical aura is still very thick if you visit this temple.
The History of Dalem Ped Temple or Penataran Agung Ped
The history of Dalem Ped Temple or Penataran Agung Ped Temple is very interesting and surely gives mystical impression. At the first, the name for Penataran Agung Ped Temple became a debate.The group of Puri Klungkung, Puri Gelgel and Mangku Rumodja Mangku Lingsir, called this temple Penataran Ped Temple. While the balians in Bali called it Dalem Ped Temple.
Dewa Ketut Soma, a book writerand spiritual perseverance in his writing “Selayang Pandang Pura Ped (Overview of Ped Temple)”argued that the two different names were right. In his opinion, what was meant by Dalem Penataran Ped Temple, were the “penataran” and the “dalem”.
Several clues said that this temple was formerly called as Dalem Temple. In the books of Sejarah Nusa(The History of Nusa) and Sejarah Pura Dalem Ped(The History of Dalem Ped Temple) written by Drs. Wayan Putera Prata mentioned that Dalem Ped Temple formerly was named Dalem Nusa Temple. The name changing was carried out by a figure of Puri Klungkung in the era of I Dewa Agung. The name changing occurred after Ida Pedanda Abiansemal along with pepatihand his followers came to Nusa in tandem to directly witness the truth of the existence of three magic tapel(masks) in Dalem Nusa Temple.
Those tapels, because of their supernatural powers, could cure many diseases in human and plants. Previously, Ida Pedanda Abiansemal lost his three tapels. Once he saw those three tapelsin Dalem Nusa Temple, it turned out that those tapels were his. However, Ida Pedanda did not take them back on one condition that the people of Nusa would take care of them and perform the proper ceremony continuously.
Finally, the supernatural powers of those tapels were spread throughout Bali. The people of Subak Sampalan at that time faced plant pest attacks such as rats, sage and others. When they heard about the powers of those tapels, a kelian (Village Head) of Subak was sent to meet the tapels in Dalem Nusa Temple.When he arrived, kelianof Subak wished that Subak Sampalan was shunted from various diseases attacking the plants. The wish came true and the harvest was abundant.
According to their promise, the people then held a mapeed ceremony. The news of the implementation of mapeed ceremony was heard until all corners of Nusa. Since then,I Dewa Agung Klungkung change the name of Dalem Nusa Temple to Dalem Peed Temple (Ped).
The Things can be Found in Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung PedTemple
“We always call Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung Ped Temple because there are two names for the biggest temple in Nusa Penida.”
In the area of Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung Ped Temple, there are five locations of temples. Segara Temple, a place where Batara Baruna stands, is in the nort part near the coastline of Nusa Strait. The waves of the ocean are heard from this temple. In the south, there is Taman Temple with the decorated with lotus plants encircling pelinggih in it, this temple is a place for sanctification. The main temple is in the west part, which is Penataran Ratu Gede Mecaling as the main temple which symboliyzesthe supernatural power of the Ruler of Nusa. In east part, there is Peleban Ratu Mas. The last is Bale Agung in jaba tengah(outpart-middel) that becomes the standing place forbarata-baratawhen performing ngusaba(ritual ceremony). Because of its very great impact, Penataran Agung Ped Temple is agreed to become Kahyangan Jagat Temple. Other than Hindu People, there are many tourists interested to visit this temple.
The Things Used to be Performed in Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung Ped Temple
In Penataran Agung Ped Temple, Hindu People are racing to perform prayers on other holy days during tilem, full moon and other good days. This temple is visited by Hindus to ask for salvation, away from calamity, prosperity and tranquility. The pujawali ceremony at Penataran Agung Ped Temple is held every Cemeng Klawu Buddha. Cemeng Klawu Buddhist Day is to remind the Hindu People on a financial day called Pujawali Batari Rambut Sedhana. To remember, if you pray to Penataran Ped Temple, you are prohibited to piss standing around the temple area, should not use the shoots of flowers near the temple, should not use the saput poleng, and should not sing janger song.
The Location of Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung Ped Temple
Penataran Agung Ped Temple is located in Ped Village, Sampalan, Nusa Penida Island. It is about 50 meterssouth of the coastline of Nusa Penida. If you come through Buyuk Port, it takes about 5 – 10 minutes.
How to Reach Dalem Ped Temple/ Penataran Agung Ped Temple
You can visit this temple by buying speedboat ticket from Sanur or Padang Bai or using roro boat because the cost is cheaper than the speedboat. If you depart from Padang Bai, it takes about 30 minutes, and it takes longer time from Sanur. For Hindu People which also do tirta yatra to other temples in Nusa Penida can use tirta yatra tour package service or rent a car as well as the driver.